Corfu was inhabited since Middle Paleolithic Times. History begins in 734 BC with the colonization of the island by the Corinthians. As a province of the Roman Empire since 229 BC, it became part of the eastern Roman Empire known as Byzantium.
After many invasions and pillages by Crusaders and pirates, in 1386 AC was accepted the dominion of Venice, which lasted for about 400 years. After the fall of Venice, the Democratic French took over and stayed for about 7 years.
The creation of a semi-independent state of the 7 Ionian Islands followed, with Corfu as the capital city, under the Russian protection. The state lived until the arrival of the Imperial French. After the defeat of Napoleon, Corfu became a British protectorate, until 1864 AC when it joined Greece.
For more information on Corfu you can visit the Green Corfu website.